According to a citation published in the UN Secretary General's Study by WHO, it was stated that approximately 60,000 children are murdered every year due to various reasons. It further states that more than 100 million boys and girls under the age of 18 years, have to undergo various kinds of sexual abuse each year. At least 6 out of 10 children worldwide are deprived of primary education. They either never are sent to schools or are forced to drop out at a very early stage without achieving minimum proficiency levels. Also, 1 in every 10 children, who lack primary education also lack basic amenities involving healthcare, nourishment, etc. Another report worsens up these gruesome data by stating that the original figures could be twice or even thrice of these. These data are much disastrous in South East Asian countries.
Now, a very basic question arises here, if we take up an ideal situation where a child, irrespective of gender, be provided with primary education and other basic amenities, will there be a declination in these data? Well, apart from poverty as a major issue, abandonment of children is a major case in well-established families. Abandoning children is a very serious issue in most parts of the world. A thousand cases come up each year in which people abandon their children because they did not want to have them in the first place. Many other cases are gender-biased and many due to poverty. If we take up the former case of abandoning a child, an analysis can be made out of it; These are just a few of the thousand other reasons why people/families get rid of children.
Either or both of the parents didn't want to have a child and end up abandoning them.
Premarital children, in countries like India, are considered highly unwanted and for the sake of toxic culture and ethics, are abandoned.
According to a recently published report, the percentage of adoption of children has decreased by 53%. On the contrary, there has been a major increase in childbirth and ultimately their abandonment. If we relate the two scenarios, we come up with a prominent conclusion that people choose to give birth to a child and end up abandoning them rather than adopting an abandoned child when they actually feel like having one. A coarse social dilemma persists which despises adoptions. Adopting a child in any society, especially Indian, is considered an uncultured offense. People, being a part of the population, choose to blame others for population explosion and yet disregard the ones who chose to adopt a child instead of conceiving one. We live with a kind of mindset where abandoning a child is way better than adopting one. Many people choose not to adopt children fearing society. A famous YouTube influencer, Jay Shetty once quoted in his video, "If we are not a part of the solution, then we are a part of the problem." It hit me really hard and with this issue, we can relate.
Adopting a child and providing them with primary facilities shouldn't be an option, it is a responsibility of each and every human being who can afford it. Everyday we come across hundreds of such cases of child abuse, child harassment, etc, and we can to a great extent relate it with child abandonment. Though under article 317 of the Indian penal code, child abandonment is a punishable crime, the laws of adopting a child are even tedious. This, as well, is one such reason why people opt out of adoptions. Several studies have declared that even if 50% of the eligible people adopt even one child, there can be a vigorous decrement in the number of cases of child abuse. Although, it's a long way to go to put an end to child abuse, a small yet effective step may bring about a hefty difference.
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